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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119727 Find in a Library
Title: Alcohol and Drugs as Co-Factors for AIDS (From AIDS and Substance Abuse, P 47-71, 1988, Larry Siegel, ed., -- See NCJ-119722)
Author(s): R R MacGregor
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Haworth Press, Inc
Binghamton, NY 13904
Sale Source: Haworth Press, Inc
10 Alice Street
Binghamton, NY 13904
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document discusses the potential effects of alcohol and drug use on the AIDS epidemic.
Abstract: Alcohol and other drugs could be physiological risk factors for the development of AIDS in two different ways: they could increase the risk of primary infection when the individual is first exposed to the HIV; and for individuals already infected with HIV, they could depress the immune mechanisms which act to limit its negative impact, resulting in progression from asymptomatic to clinical infection. Considerable clinical evidence suggests that alcoholics are more susceptible to infection than are nondrinkers. In addition, numerous clinical clues suggest that alcohol consumption may interfere with normal host responses to infection. Available data regarding the effects of drugs such as opiates, marihuana, stimulants, barbiturates, and amyl nitrite on the immune system are reviewed. 4 tables, 113 notes.
Main Term(s): Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS)
Index Term(s): Alcoholism; Drug dependence; Risk taking behavior
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