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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119843 Find in a Library
Title: Asset Forfeiture: Profile Factors After Sokolow: Police-Citizen Encounters, Investigatory Stops and Consent Searches
Author(s): R Stolker; J Sadighian; W Lenck
Corporate Author: Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
United States of America
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 33
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
Washington, DC 20036
Grant Number: 87-DD-CX-K090
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Training (Handbook/Manual)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper discusses the legal principles involved in consent searches, profile stops, and their proper use in police operations.
Abstract: Police are instructed in what action to take when they encounter a person who matches a profile of a certain type of criminal. The paper guides officers in determining whether a person may be stopped for questioning or investigation, subjected to a patdown or a more thorough search, detained, or even arrested. It also considers what facts, if any, officers must establish in addition to the profile match. Also discussed is whether a profile match is sufficient to establish probable cause or at least reasonable suspicion. The paper explores the implications of several court cases for police officers who may wish to use a profile to justify various officer actions. One action considered is whether to approach a person and ask one or two questions but not display force or show authority or otherwise imply the person is not free to depart. Another circumstance addressed is whether it is permissible to stop a person and seize property for investigation on the grounds of "reasonable suspicion that criminal activity is afoot." Another case examines issues in taking action to seize a person or property on the basis of probable cause. 31 notes, 105-item bibliography.
Main Term(s): Offender profiles
Index Term(s): Consent search; Police legal training; Stop and frisk
Note: Tenth in a series (Asset Forfeiture)
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