skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 119854 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Drug Use and Pretrial Misconduct in New York City
Journal: Journal of Quantitative Criminology  Volume:5  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1989)  Pages:101-126
Author(s): D A Smith; E D Wish; G R Jarjoura
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Data on arrested males in New York City formed the basis of an analysis of whether recent drug use is significantly associated with pretrial misconduct and should be considered in pretrial decisionmaking.
Abstract: The study used information from urine samples collected from 2,606 persons who were arrested between April and October 1984. The samples were tested for heroin, cocaine, phencyclidine, and methadone. The analysis considered two measures of pretrial misconduct: whether a defendant failed to appear for a scheduled court date and whether a defendant was rearrested before case disposition. Censored probit models were used to estimate the statistical association between drug test results and pretrial misconduct. Results showed that drug test results are significantly associated with pretrial misconduct over and above the information that is typically available to judges at the time they make release decisions. Findings are consistent with those from research in Washington, D.C. Drug test results may be a useful source of information for a judge to consider along with other information when making pretrial release decisions, but several legal and ethical issues must be addressed. Tables, footnotes, and 19 references.
Main Term(s): Pretrial release
Index Term(s): Criminality prediction; New York; Pretrial detention; Pretrial drug testing
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.