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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119870 Find in a Library
Title: Casinos and Crime: Atlantic City's Experience
Journal: Casino Gaming Magazine  Volume:3  Issue:5  Dated:(May 1987)  Pages:9-10,12
Author(s): J Friedman; S Hakim
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 3
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An analysis of the level and composition of crime in Atlantic City, N.J. and its region since gambling casinos started operation in 1978 found that crimes appeared to have increased for three reasons that were partly independent of one another.
Abstract: The analysis focused on both violent crimes and property crimes and used multivariate regression analysis. Findings indicated that gambling in Atlantic City appears to have led to higher crime in Atlantic City, in adjacent localities, and along major routes to Philadelphia and New York City up to a distance of 30 miles. One reason for the increase is that tourists coming to gamble may commit crimes as they need more cash or as they spot attractive crime opportunities. In addition, casinos attract criminals who settle in the region to enjoy the various illegal opportunities associated with gambling. These criminals include prostitutes, drug dealers, robbers, thieves, and other professional criminals. Finally, any type of economic growth causes increased crime. To deal with the increased crime, partial consolidation of police forces in the region might increase the effectiveness of law enforcement. In addition, future research should focus on the net benefits brought by the casinos and not only on the costs.
Main Term(s): Legal gambling
Index Term(s): Crime displacement; Crime patterns; Economic influences; New Jersey
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