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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119877 Find in a Library
Title: Habitual Juvenile Offenders: Guidelines for Courts
Corporate Author: Public Admin Service
United States of America
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Public Admin Service
Mclean, VA 22102
Contract Number: OJP-86-C-006
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Guideline
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This pamphlet explains the conceptual basis for the role of juvenile courts in the Serious Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program (SHOCAP), an effort to help jurisdictions identify and appropriately respond to the serious habitual juvenile offender.
Abstract: SHOCAP is based on the premises and principles of the Integrated Criminal Apprehension Program (ICAP). SHOCAP can increase the quality and relevance of information provided to juvenile justice and criminal justice authorities and enables them to focus additional attention on juveniles who repeatedly commit serious crimes. Particular emphasis is placed on providing relevant and complete case information to insure more informed sentencing. SHOCAP expands the interagency model established in 1983 to include more information sharing for use in planning, managing, and delivering services more effectively. Juvenile court judges and referees have preferred to remain outside the process of developing criteria and lists of serious habitual offenders, because they wish to avoid involvement that might cause questions regarding their objectivity. However, the chief judge of a court may express support for the program and authorize the sharing of information. Particularly useful approaches include authorizing the inspection of records by the crime analyst or other officials designated to develop and maintain profiles of habitual offenders; refraining from the sealing or destruction of the juvenile records of any designated habitual offender; and placing limits on deferred adjudication based on diversion or nonjudicial handling. These strategies are attainable, and growing evidence suggests that judges recognize the contribution such approaches would make to the control of repeat offenders and reduced crime.
Main Term(s): Juvenile court judicial discretion
Index Term(s): Confidential records access; Criminal history exchanges; Integrated Criminal Apprehension Program; Juvenile recidivists
Note: Serious Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program (SHOCAP)
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