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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119921 Find in a Library
Title: Substance Use Among Eighth-Grade Students Who Take Care of Themselves After School
Journal: Pediatrics  Volume:84  Issue:3  Dated:(September 1989)  Pages:556-566
Author(s): J L Richardson; K Dwyer; K McGuigan; W B Hansen; C Dent; C A Johnson; S Y Sussman; B Brannon; B Flay
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 11
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data collected from 4932 eighth-grade students and 2185 parents indicated that self-care after school is an important risk factor for alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use.
Abstract: Those students -- at all levels of sociodemographic status, extracurricular activities, sources of social influence, and stress -- who took care of themselves for 11-plus hours per week were twice as susceptible to substance use as those who did not take care of themselves at all. Ninety percent of the 186 stratified were significant, and those that were not, were in the expected direction. Risk-taking, having friends who smoke, and being offered cigarettes -- manifestations of a desire to show maturity and independence -- may be factors in the relationship between self-care and substance use. The research suggests there may be more than one mechanism for the associated increase in substance use and that self-care may result in more unnoticed solitary trials of substances. 2 figures, 3 tables, 26 references. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Children at risk; Students
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