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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119948 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Justice Reform: State Experiences
Author(s): R Pierce
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Annie E. Casey Foundation
Baltimore, MD 21202
National Conference of State Legislatures
Denver, CO 80202
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Publication Number: ISBN 1-55516-958-9
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the challenges facing States in juvenile justice, the alternatives to large institutions, experiences in several States that have embraced deinstitutionalization, and formal evaluations of reform effectiveness.
Abstract: Challenges facing States in juvenile justice are protecting the public, reducing juvenile recidivism, controlling costs, determining who makes placement decisions, and helping juvenile offenders and their families. Placement alternatives for juvenile offenders include detention centers, transfer to adult courts, secure facilities, observation and assessment facilities, adventure programs, many types of residential community programs, and in-home placement with varying supervision levels. Massachusetts, Utah, Florida, and Maryland have found that intensive, individualized services provided in small, family-like residential settings or in the juvenile's own home yield recidivism rates comparable to or less than large institutions. The success of these programs apparently depends on how well they are managed, their diversity, and their intensity, all of which may be affected by State funding decisions. 3 figures, 15-item bibliography.
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice reform
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Deinstitutionalization; Florida; Maryland; Massachusetts; Utah
Note: Criminal justice paper #4.
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