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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119968 Find in a Library
Title: Assessment of Pretrial Urine Testing in the District of Columbia
Author(s): M A Toborg; J P Bellassal; A M Yezer; R P Trost
Corporate Author: Toborg Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Toborg Associates, Inc
Landover, MD 20785
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 83-IJ-CX-K046
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Systematic pretrial drug testing can decrease the risk of defendants' pretrial misconduct.
Abstract: Research has shown that offenders committed crimes at much higher rates during periods when they were actively using drugs than during times when they were drug free. The risk of pretrial misconduct could be reduced if defendants who used drugs could be identified at arrest, their release conditioned on the requirement to remain drug free, and their compliance with that condition monitored by mandatory drug testing during the pretrial release period. In Washington D.C., virtually all arrestees are brought to the D.C. Superior Court lockup and tested for the presence of specific drugs in their urine. With the advent of this drug-testing program, a new release alternative became available for drug-using defendants. The defendants can be placed in the Pretrial Services Agency (PSA) of periodic urine testing before trial. Defendants who succeed in the urine testing program can be expected to be better risks for release than those who failed the program. This study's five monographs cover information concerning background and description of the urine-testing program, the views of judicial officers, analysis of drug use among arrestees, the efficacy of using urine-test results in risk classification of arrestees, and periodic urine-testing as a signalling device for pretrial release risk.
Main Term(s): Pretrial drug testing; Pretrial programs
Index Term(s): Crime Causes; District of Columbia; Drug detection; Office of Justice Programs (OJP)
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