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NCJ Number: 119981 Find in a Library
Title: Competing Theoretical Explanations of Cocaine Use: Differential Association Versus Control Theory
Journal: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  Volume:5  Issue:2  Dated:(May 1989)  Pages:73-88
Author(s): P T Macdonald
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 16
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Questionnaires from 1517 respondents showed that 72 percent had used cocaine at least once, while 28 percent had never used it.
Abstract: These data about criminal cocaine use were used to test the efficacy of two competing theoretical models of criminal or delinquent behavior, employing both tabular and multiple regression techniques. Differential association theory, that criminal behavior is learned in a complex process occurring within intimate social groups, was found to be far more effective in explaining the use of cocaine than control theory, which postulates that delinquency is a result of insufficient bonding to conventional society. 2 tables, 40 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Drug abuse causes
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Social control theory; Sutherland's theory
Note: Originially presented at the 25th annual meeting of the Acadamy of Criminal Justice Science, San Francisco, April 1988
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