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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119985 Find in a Library
Title: DNA: From Genetic Code to Criminal Code
Author(s): P Carnes
Corporate Author: Council of State Governments
United States of America
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Council of State Governments
Lexington, KY 40578
Sale Source: Council of State Governments
Iron Works Pike
P.O. Box 11910
Lexington, KY 40578
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses how DNA fingerprinting works, identifies legal pros and cons of the procedure, and concludes that it offers a new approach to solving paternity cases, rapes, and homicides.
Abstract: DNA evidence has value as evidence because no two people -- other than identical twins -- possess the same genetic code. The individual code of the accused can be matched with blood or semen obtained as evidence. At present three commercial companies carry out DNA fingerprinting, an expensive and complicated eight-step procedure that takes approximately two and one-half weeks. DNA fingerprinting can also be used to identify parentage and to trace missing children. While DNA fingerprinting raises civil liberty issues such as privacy and the right against self incrimination, it has been admitted as evidence in the courts of 11 States. 27 footnotes.
Main Term(s): DNA fingerprinting
Index Term(s): Blood/body fluid analysis; Crime laboratories; Suspect identification
Note: CSG Backgrounder
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