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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 119998 Find in a Library
Title: Armed Robbery Overseas: Highlights of a Canadian Study (From Armed Robbery, P 13-23, 1989, Dennis Challinger, ed. -- See NCJ-119997)
Author(s): T Gabor
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: A 5-year Canadian study of armed robbery, conducted under the auspices of the International Center of Comparative Criminology in Montreal, examined trends in armed robbery over the last 25-30 years, the nature and dynamics of the crime, offenders' motives and perspectives, victims' role and reactions, and the response of the police and judiciary to robbery incidents.
Abstract: The data were drawn primarily from the two major urban centers in the Province of Quebec -- Montreal and Quebec City. Armed robbery rates in Quebec have been consistently more than twice the national rate. Montreal, Quebec's largest city, has an armed robbery rate more than five times that of the rest of Canada. Factors in this trend are identified. The robberies varied in their sophistication, violence, and profits according to the nature of the target. Robberies committed with inferior weapons had the highest incidence of violence. Most offenders were under 30 years old, had no more than a secondary school education, and came from a blue-collar background. Offenders generally did very little planning for their robberies. Offenders indicated that armed robbery is the fastest and most direct way to get money. Owners or employees of 182 victimized small businesses were interviewed about their reactions to armed robbery. A review of the response of the criminal justice system focuses on sanctions, the clearance rate for various types of armed robberies, and factors contributing to solving cases. 8 references.
Main Term(s): Armed robbery
Index Term(s): Canada; Crime specific countermeasures; Offender profiles; Victim reactions to crime; Violence
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