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NCJ Number: 120039 Find in a Library
Title: Confucianism, Maoism, and the Coming of Delinquency to China (From Social Control in the People's Republic of China, P 84-96, 1989, Ronald J. Troyer, John P. Clark, et al, eds. - See NCJ-120034)
Author(s): D G Rojek
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Praeger Publishers
Westport, CT 06881
Sale Source: Praeger Publishers
88 Post Road West
Westport, CT 06881
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The major social and economic changes that have occurred in China in recent years have been accompanied by an increase in social deviance, particularly in the area of juvenile misconduct, that suggest that the 1990's will be a period of significant social readjustment.
Abstract: The concepts of social duties and obligations that underlie Chinese society come from the teachings of Confucius. The regime of Mao Zedong used Confucianism to help establish social control. In the 1970's the rise of Deng Xiaoping brought extensive social, economic, and legal reforms. Among these were the "open door" policy regarding other nations, the policy of one child per family, and economic pragmatism. These changes mean that Chinese youths are being reared in a society that is significantly different from that of their forebears. Delinquency and dropping out of school have both increased, and youth are largely disillusioned with the Communist Party and apathetic toward its goals. Most offenses are property offenses, and drug use appears to be nonexistent. Education rather than punishment is emphasized in dealing with juvenile offenders, with several levels of institutions for more serious offenders. However, only time will tell how successfully the Chinese will be at handling the growing problems among its youth. Note.
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): China; Cultural influences; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Maoism; Social control
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