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NCJ Number: 120046 Find in a Library
Title: General Prevention of Tax Evasion: A Factorial Survey Approach
Journal: Journal of Quantitative Criminology  Volume:5  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1989)  Pages:127-146
Author(s): Q C Thurman
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 20
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A factorial survey design was used to examine the taxpaying decisions of a random sample of 330 adults in Oklahoma City (Okla.)
Abstract: The 1986 data were based upon responses to a vignette questionnaire describing 20 taxpaying situations. Respondents rated their likelihood of evading taxes within the context of perceived threats of formal and informal sanctions and guilt. The few likely offenders judged that lower tax rates would reduce their incentive to cheat, while higher audit rates, heavier prison sentences, and fines would inhibit cheating. These findings are consistent with a model of general deterrent effects with the exception of informal community sanction. Overall results indicate that few taxpayers would cheat on their taxes, and those who would consider cheating see changes in tax rates, tax return audit rates, length of prison sentence, amount of fines, and immediacy of punishment as important factors in deciding whether or not to cheat. 7 tables, 40 references. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Tax evasion
Index Term(s): Deterrence effectiveness; Factorial research design; Oklahoma; Public Opinion of Crime
Note: Revision of a paper presented at the 1986 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology in Atlanta, Ga.
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