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NCJ Number: 120125 Find in a Library
Title: Crime, Justice and Politics in Contemporary Tanzania: State Power in an Underdeveloped Social Formation
Journal: International Journal of the Sociology of Law  Volume:17  Issue:3  Dated:(August 1989)  Pages:247-271
Author(s): L P Shaidi
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 25
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: The policies and laws having significant impact on the development of criminal law in post-colonial Tanzania are examined, with special emphasis on social control and labor questions.
Abstract: After obtaining independence from Great Britain in 1961, Tanzania, with a population consisting of 90 percent peasants, moved toward socialism. In 1967, with the Arusha Declaration, the government asserted its desire to build a socialist State. Since that time, however, Tanzania's economic growth has been severely hampered by scarce foreign exchange resources, and in an attempt to control its disappointed and restless population, the government has relied on preventive detention law and coercive police and paramilitary groups. Minimum sentences legislation is discussed, along with vagrancy and human resources deployment laws, which repatriate the unemployed from the cities to rural areas to work on sisal and tea plantations. The Penal Code was amended in 1983 to further deal with vagrants and the unemployed. Criminal sanctions, in the form of bye-laws, exist to enforce farming and other agricultural activities. The author concludes that Tanzania's economic and criminal justice system can be improved only by an agrarian revolution that renders the country less vulnerable to international capitalism. 12 footnotes.
Main Term(s): Foreign criminal justice systems
Index Term(s): Criminal codes; Criminal law; United Republic of Tanzania
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