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NCJ Number: 120146 Find in a Library
Title: Time and Punishment: An Intertemporal Model of Crime
Journal: Journal of Political Economy  Volume:96  Issue:2  Dated:(April 1988)  Pages:383-390
Author(s): M L Davis
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 8
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An analysis of criminal behavior as a problem of labor supply must take into account the timing of rewards and punishment in terms of the uncertainty of the punishment and the expected income from the crime.
Abstract: If an increase in the rate at which a person commits crimes reduced the expected detection time, the income from crime (net of expected fines) must be discounted at a rate that varies with the rate of crime. A model of the criminal's choice of the optimal crime rate under such conditions suggests that, regardless of the criminal's attitude toward risk, an increase in the probability of apprehension is a more effective deterrent than a comparable increase in punishment. Optimal law enforcement implications are also explored. 6 footnotes, 11 references.
Main Term(s): Economic models
Index Term(s): Deterrence effectiveness; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime
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