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NCJ Number: 120154 Find in a Library
Title: Management Perspective on the Controlled Substance Testing Issue: Management's Newest Pandora's Box
Journal: Journal of Law and Health  Volume:2  Issue:1  Dated:(1987-1988)  Pages:27-38
Author(s): J P Muczyk; B P Heshizer
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 12
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article outlines for managers the problems and organizational implications associated with drug abuse testing in the workplace.
Abstract: One problem associated with controlled substance screening involves separating illegal drug use from legal prescription drug use and identifying whether an employee who tests positive for a drug is taking the drug legally or illegally. Additionally, managers should know that it is perfectly legal to be under the influence of controlled substances, even if they are illegally obtained. Still other problems involve the reliability of drug tests, the competence of laboratories conducting the drug tests, the integrity of the chain of custody of the evidence, and the relationship between positive test results and job impairment. Falsely accusing employees as the result of testing error can result in libel suits. Employers who institute mandatory drug testing programs should realize that random blanket screening of employees lowers morale. Employers should establish drug testing programs for employees only if an employee performance problem exists or if undetected drug use by employees would endanger coworkers or threaten public safety. The article recommends general policies for organizations to use in determining whether and how to test employees for substance abuse. 42 footnotes.
Main Term(s): Employee drug testing
Index Term(s): Drug dependence; Employer-employee relations; Labor relations; Substance abuse in the workplace
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