skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 120155 Find in a Library
Title: Drug Screening in the Public Sector: Municipalities and Government Workers
Journal: Journal of Law and Health  Volume:2  Issue:1  Dated:(1987-1988)  Pages:39-66
Author(s): J B Lewis
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 28
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses the constitutional implications for municipalities undertaking the screening of government workers for drug use.
Abstract: While government employees may not have as great an expectation of privacy as employees in the private sector, they are protected by the fourteenth amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and their employers are bound to protect them from unreasonable searches and seizures and to ensure that their due process, equal protection, and privacy rights are given full consideration. The constitutional considerations are discussed in detail, with relevant citations to case law. Additionally, when ruling on the constitutionality of a drug testing program for certain types of government employees, the courts will examine job functions, the expectations of privacy for workers in the group, and the means by which the drug test is carried out. Federal, State, and common law implications for litigation challenging drug testing are also discussed, as are local ordinances limiting drug testing. Specific concerns for public employers to consider before establishing drug testing programs are detailed.
Main Term(s): Substance abuse in the workplace
Index Term(s): Constitutional Rights/Civil Liberties; Local government; Public agencies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.