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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 120156 Find in a Library
Title: Legal Implications of Drug Testing in the Private Sector
Journal: Journal of Law and Health  Volume:2  Issue:1  Dated:(1987-1988)  Pages:67-82
Author(s): T H Barnard
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 16
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Pointing out that drug abuse testing or failure to test is a double-edged sword, this article explores the liabilities to a private employer of testing employees for substance abuse and also outlines possible liabilities for failing to test employees.
Abstract: Employers who have knowledge of employee drug or alcohol abuse but do nothing to stop it have been held liable for third party claims arising out of the actions of employees under the influence of drugs or alcohol. On the other hand, private employers who do test for substance abuse also face certain risks. Prior to implementing a drug testing program, for example, the employer has a duty to negotiate with the employees' unions about the program. Union grievances and allegations of handicap discrimination under Federal and State law are possible outcomes of an employer's drug testing program, as are suits for wrongful discharge and defamation. The article concludes with a checklist for employers planning to implement a testing program. The checklist is designed to help employers avoid possible liabilities. 71 footnotes.
Main Term(s): Employee drug testing
Index Term(s): Employer attitudes; Employer-employee relations; Substance abuse in the workplace
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