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NCJ Number: 120176 Find in a Library
Title: Police and Reducing Fear of Crime: A Comparison of the Crime-Centered and the Quality of Life Approaches
Journal: Police Studies  Volume:11  Issue:4  Dated:(Winter 1988)  Pages:183-189
Author(s): F W Winkel
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 7
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: To reduce fear of crime among the public in general is currently considered to be an independent goal of police activities.
Abstract: Intervention strategies aimed at fear reduction derive from either a "crime-centered" approach or a "quality of life" approach. Crime-centered models emphasize crime-related neighborhood problems as constituting a major determinant of fear of crime. In the quality of life approach the hypothesis is that non-crime problems in a neighborhood are the main determinants. In this article the validity of both points of view is tested. It turned out that neither a pure quality of life model nor a purely crime-centered model could provide an adequate explanation for the data observed. Both models prove to be invalid. These empirical results demand an integrated model predicated on a "crime-centered plus" kind of approach to fear of crime. Toward the end implications of this model are discussed relative to police performance. 2 tables, 1 figure, 13 references. (Publisher abstract)
Main Term(s): Fear of crime
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Crime specific countermeasures; Public Opinion of the Police
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