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NCJ Number: 120194 Find in a Library
Title: Sectarian Conflict: The Indian Experience (From International Terrorism: The Decade Ahead, P 93-109, 1989, Jane Rae Buckwalter, ed. -- See NCJ-120184)
Author(s): K S Dhillon
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, IL 60607-2919
Sale Source: University of Illinois at Chicago
Office of International Criminal Justice
1033 West Van Buren Street, Suite 500
Chicago, IL 60607-2919
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper traces the history and dynamics of the Hindu-Muslim conflict in India.
Abstract: Communal violence as a characteristic of sectarian conflict between Hindus and Muslims in India is due to the separate historical developments of these communities. Historically, power has been the dominant factor ordering Hindu-Muslim relations. Communal violence occurs in areas of mixed population, and such riots usually consist of stabbings, looting, and the burning of property. The scale of communal violence has increased over the years. Issues occasioning the violence persist, i.e., music before mosques, cow-slaughter, conversion, and affront to women. Economic competition between Hindus and Muslims is a more recent dimension to the conflict. India's Constitution has provided for a Federal policy with adequate safeguards and growth opportunities for ethnic and other minorities within a broad framework of unity; however, an increasing trend toward centralization of authority, excessive intolerance and religious revivalism among the majority Hindu community, and the intellectual decline of the ruling elite have curtailed the capacity of the administration and political authority to check and control sectarian conflicts in the country. There are no observable signs of reform that hold the promise of improvement in the future.
Main Term(s): Religiously motivated violence
Index Term(s): Community conflict; India
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. Presented at the Third Annual International Symposium on Criminal Justice Issues in 1988.
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