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NCJ Number: 120216 Find in a Library
Title: Parental and Peer Support in Adolescence (From Social World of Adolescents: International Perspectives, P 167-183, 1989, Klaus Hurrelmann and Uwe Engel, eds. -- See NCJ-120206)
Author(s): W Meeus
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Walter de Gruyter & Co
1 Berlin 30, Germany United
Sale Source: Walter de Gruyter & Co
Genthiner Str 13
1 Berlin 30,
Germany (Unified)
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: Personal social networks adolescents have in leisure time, school, and personal relationships were studied for 2,837 Netherlands students between 15 and 17 years of age.
Abstract: The study assumed that parental social support would be the most important factor in the school life sphere and that peer support would be most significant in social relationship and leisure time spheres. Hypotheses regarding school and leisure time spheres were confirmed, but the hypothesis for social relationships was not. Social support had a two-dimensional structure in the school sphere; parental support and peer support were experienced as two independent forms of social support, although parental and peer support both led to improved school performance. Findings illustrated the classic gender-specific division of educational tasks. Fathers were the most important persons in giving support regarding school and of low importance for personal relations and leisure time contexts. Fathers seemed to concern themselves especially with preparing their children for future tasks and attaining social status. Mothers were generally important, but more so in the personal relations domain. They particularly looked after the socioemotional development of their children. Peer support had positive effects on school performance when parental support was absent. 27 references, 2 tables, 3 figures.
Main Term(s): Juvenile social adjustment
Index Term(s): Interpersonal relations; Netherlands; Parent-Child Relations; Peer influences on behavior; Social network analysis
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