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NCJ Number: 120218 Find in a Library
Title: Significant Partners in Childhood and Adolescence (From Social World of Adolescents: International Perspectives, P 199-209, 1989, Klaus Hurrelmann and Uwe Engel, eds. -- See NCJ-120206)
Author(s): S Matsuda
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Walter de Gruyter & Co
1 Berlin 30, Germany United
Sale Source: Walter de Gruyter & Co
Genthiner Str 13
1 Berlin 30,
Germany (Unified)
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: The general mentor system in Japan for children and adolescents is examined, and it is contended that teachers should become more significant actors in this system.
Abstract: Three main situations in Japanese schools where the mentor plays a role include cognitive or academic teaching, physical training, and cultural education. Significant others for children and adolescents in these contexts are teachers and coaches. Japan has always possessed various kinds of apprenticeship systems for traditional artistic skills, drama, physical training, and cognitive domains. These systems have changed in recent years, however, and it has become difficult for masters to find apprentices who they can train to become their successors. Adolescents are beginning to demand the right to choose and decide on their own careers. Research into Japanese mentors suggests that the most significant others in adolescents' lives are parents, peers, and juku teachers. In the public school environment, some students have mentor relationships with competent teachers, while some teachers are neglected by students or not recognized as mentors. It is concluded that teachers should be psychologically significant partners for their students and should be recognized as such by students. A key factor in achieving this goal, however, is class size, and teachers' peripheral workloads should be reduced so they can participate more effectively. 8 references, 7 tables.
Main Term(s): Juvenile educational background
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Japan; Juvenile social adjustment; Sociological analyses
Note: Paper presented at the international conference on Nonparental Adults in Adolescents' Lives, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., March 1988
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