skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 120226 Find in a Library
Title: Social Reproduction and School Leavers: A Longitudinal Perspective (From Social World of Adolescents: International Perspectives, P 351-367, 1989, Klaus Hurrelmann and Uwe Engel, eds. -- See NCJ-120206)
Author(s): C Wallace
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Walter de Gruyter & Co
1 Berlin 30, Germany United
Sale Source: Walter de Gruyter & Co
Genthiner Str 13
1 Berlin 30,
Germany (Unified)
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: A longitudinal study was conducted in England from 1979 to 1984 to assess the social reproduction of work roles and gender relations of young people during a period of rising employment.
Abstract: The first survey interviewed 153 16-year-old students, the second survey reinterviewed 103 students, and the third survey reinterviewed 84 students. Respondents were asked what sorts of jobs they were looking for and how they would go about finding them. Most students held realistic expectations, and the most popular occupations for young men involved skilled work. Leaving school did not necessarily involve a transition from full-time education to full-time work, since some school leavers were working before and after they left school in temporary, casual, or part-time jobs. Most young people left school at the minimum age and followed fairly well-defined tracks into work. In the 1980's, however, their career paths were more fractured and confused. There was a fracture in both the reproduction of work roles and the reproduction of gender roles during high unemployment. At 16 and 17 years of age, young people were simply waiting for the right opportunities to arise and were in a strong position to reject more degrading work, to remain unemployed, and to take on odd jobs or an antiwork posture. At 21 years of age, however, this was no longer possible. Young people accepted available work or desperately searched for work. Currently, the direct employment of school leavers in England is negligible since more youth are recruited for further educational pursuits. 24 references, 3 tables.
Main Term(s): Youth employment
Index Term(s): England; Juvenile social adjustment; Longitudinal studies; Sociological analyses
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.