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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 120232 Find in a Library
Title: Public Safety Workers and AIDS
Corporate Author: California Firefighter Foundation
United States of America
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 59
Sponsoring Agency: California Dept of Health Services
Sacramento, CA 94234
California Firefighter Foundation
Sacramento, CA 95814
Type: Policy/Procedure Handbook/Manual
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AIDS is the newest public health hazard public safety workers must address. This guidebook explains steps to take to greatly reduce the risk of becoming infected with HIV.
Abstract: HIV is not transmitted casually. Despite its ability to shut down the human immune system and cause death, HIV is quite fragile. Although HIV infection is communicable, it is not highly contagious. The virus does not easily survive once outside the body. Only the most intimate forms of human contact, such as sexual or bloodstream to bloodstream contact, cause transmission. No emergency worker has been reported to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) as contracting HIV clearly as a result of job-related activity. However, because they are often in situations where they run a higher than normal risk of exposure to disease, emergency workers should be concerned. CDC guidelines to prevent AIDS exposure include using soap and water to kill disease viruses; avoiding needlesticks, cuts, or other punctures of the skin; using pocket masks and rubber gloves to prevent exposure to disease viruses; and exercising caution with every person handled. 14 references, resource directory, and glossary
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV prevention
Index Term(s): Procedure manuals; Public safety coordination; Risk taking behavior
Note: Fourth edition previously published as Emergency Workers and the AIDS Epidemic
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