skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 120235 Find in a Library
Title: Improving the Judicial Handling of Civil Child Maltreatment Cases (From Families in Court: A National Symposium, P 1-42, 1989, -- See NCJ-120234)
Author(s): H A Davidson
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 42
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Conference Material
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper focuses on how judicial leadership could improve the court system in civil child maltreatment cases.
Abstract: The juvenile court reform movement, which began in 1899, was primarily interested in the judicial handling of delinquency cases. Even over the past two decades, policy reform materials have focused almost entirely on these issues. Two other issues faced by the early juvenile courts are still relevant: how is the abused or neglected child to be treated by the court, and what standards should guide the court in removing a child or returning home a child who had previously been removed. Since the 1960s, several sets of national standards for judicial process reform have been formulated, including two volumes developed by the American Bar Association (ABA). The Standards Related to Court Organization and Administration, formally approved by the ABA, set guidelines for judges who hear family cases as well as a set of timelines for case processing by the court. Standards Related to Abuse and Neglect were considered more controversial and were never presented to the ABA for approval. Nevertheless, this volume has had a significant impact on State legislative reform in the 1980s. The U.S. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges also issues standards for court reform. Additional recommendations for judicial process reforms focus on several areas: grounds for civil child protective court interventions, emergency removal procedures, and the court's intake process; court use of diagnostic evaluation and consultation services; pre-trial resolution and the use of mediation; court-appointed legal representation; child protective hearings and the appeal process; and court involvement in service delivery, case review, and post-dispositional proceedings. 20 footnotes.
Main Term(s): Child abuse and neglect hearings
Index Term(s): Court reform; Juvenile court judicial discretion; Juvenile court procedures; Juvenile justice reform
Note: The symposium was held in Reno, Nevada, May 14-17, 1989. For microfiche, see NCJ-0120234.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.