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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 120238 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Explanations of Delinquency: Fact and Fiction
Author(s): W V Pelfrey
Corporate Author: Public Admin Service
United States of America
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 60
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Public Admin Service
Mclean, VA 22102
Contract Number: 89-JS-CX-K001
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study provides an overview of the major perspectives on juvenile delinquency factors, summarizing research "facts" supporting or refuting the theories.
Abstract: The classical school's explanation of crime is first considered. It posits the origin of crime in the free will of the person, with each person having the same capacity to choose or reject criminal behavior. The positive school maintains that persons do not have free will, because all behavior stems from forces outside the individual's control. A discussion of the biological causes of delinquency focuses on phrenology, physical characteristics, heredity, somatotypes, neurological dysfunction, body chemistry, minimal brain dysfunction, and XYY males. Other theories are discussed under the broad classifications of psychological causes, sociological causes, strain, social and cultural causes, learning delinquency through social interaction, labelling theory, and the political and conflict explanation of delinquency. The study concludes that although some theories explain delinquent behavior better than others, no one explanation of delinquency is sufficient for all cases. Selected bibliography and a matrix of influences of certain institutions on delinquency are included.
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Conflict theory; Labeling theory; Psychological influences on crime; Social Learning; Society-crime relationships; Strain theory
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