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NCJ Number: 120287 Find in a Library
Title: Shock Incarceration Programs in State Correctional Jurisdictions: An Update
Author(s): D L MacKenzie; D B Ballow
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 2
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Shock incarceration programs are a relatively new type of alternative to traditional imprisonment that are now operating or under development in 22 States and that are the subject of several descriptive and evaluative studies sponsored by the National Institute of Justice.
Abstract: These programs aim to jolt young adult offenders into abandoning crime by providing a highly regimented program in a military-style boot camp for periods of 90 to 180 days. The program involves strict discipline, physical training, and hard labor that resembles some aspects of military basic training. Offenders are housed separately from regular inmates and spend about 6 hours at work and 2 to 3 hours in military drills and physical training each day. Those who successfully complete the program are placed under community supervision. Studies examining these programs include a descriptive analysis of programs implemented before 1988, an evaluation of Louisiana's shock incarceration program, and a multisite study to determine the program components that work best for specific types of offenders. Major program differences include whether a judge or a corrections department official selects offenders for this sanction, the post release dispositions, the participation of nonviolent offenders, and the participation of offenders committing their first felonies. However, it is too early to tell how successfully these programs are meeting their objectives. Table showing program components and description of article providing further information.
Main Term(s): Shock incarceration programs
Index Term(s): Juvenile detention reform; Juvenile program evaluation; State correctional facilities
Note: Reprinted from NIJ Reports, No. 214, May/June 1989
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