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NCJ Number: 120305 Find in a Library
Title: American Prisons in a Time of Crisis (From American Prison: Issues in Research and Policy, P 13-22, 1989, Lynne Goodstein and Doris Layton MacKenzie, eds. -- See NCJ-120304)
Author(s): A Blumstein
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Plenum Press
New York, NY 10013
Sale Source: Plenum Press
233 Spring Street
New York, NY 10013
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter identifies factors that have contributed to the prison-population increase from 1973 through 1987 and discusses future prospects and policy implications of the trends.
Abstract: American prison populations have grown dramatically in the last two decades largely as a result of the confluence of important demographic shifts associated with the postwar "baby boom" and significant political shifts that have politicized decisions about who should go to prison and for how long. Overall, sanction severity has increased under the political trends. Although there may be some diminution of the demographic shift during the 1990's as the "baby bust" of the late 1960's and 1970's is in the high-incarceration ages, continued politicization of sanction severity seems likely. The arrival into the high-incarceration ages of the "echo boom" generation, with a much larger proportion of its population in lower socioeconomic conditions, makes it likely that -- absent other significant changes in either involvement in crime or in sanction policies -- there will be major new pressures on prison populations in the early years of the next century. 7 references.
Main Term(s): Prison overcrowding
Index Term(s): Corrections policies; Demography
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. From Volume 4 in the Law, Society, and Policy series.
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