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NCJ Number: 120306 Find in a Library
Title: Effectiveness of Correctional Rehabilitation: Reconsidering the "Nothing Works" Debate (From American Prison: Issues in Research and Policy, P 23-44, 1989, Lynne Goodstein and Doris Layton MacKenzie, eds. -- See NCJ-120304)
Author(s): F T Cullen; P Gendreau
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Plenum Press
New York, NY 10013
Sale Source: Plenum Press
233 Spring Street
New York, NY 10013
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Both empirical and public opinion data indicate a favorable climate for the implementation of effective offender treatment programs.
Abstract: Although Robert Martinson's attack on offender therapy exposed the gap between the promises and outcomes of offender rehabilitation, it also promoted the "nothing works" doctrine as a criminological truth. Empirical data, however, do not support this doctrine. The relevant literature continues to show at least modest gains in the reduction of recidivism through work programs (Rauma and Berk, 1987), restitution (Schneider, 1986), early intervention programs (Hawkins, Catalano, Jones, and Fine, 1987), and intensive probation supervision (Pearson, 1987). Contrary to what many politicians may believe, a number of public-opinion surveys from the 1980's show public support for rehabilitation efforts, particularly for young offenders. The failure of the justice model, the product of the "nothing works" model, to usher in a new era of crime control and its influence on unprecedented incarceration rates suggests that the time is right for a more vibrant rehabilitative ideal. 108 references.
Main Term(s): Rehabilitation
Index Term(s): Corrections policies; Prison overcrowding
Note: From Volume 4 in the Law, Society, and Policy series.
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