skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 120324 Find in a Library
Title: Mediation -- Experiment in Finland (From Crime Prevention and Intervention: Legal and Ethical Problems P 117-127, 1989, Peter-Alexis Albrecht and Otto Backes, eds.)
Author(s): M Gronfors
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Walter de Gruyter & Co
1 Berlin 30, Germany United
Sale Source: Walter de Gruyter & Co
Genthiner Str 13
1 Berlin 30,
Germany (Unified)
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: A mediation experiment in Vantaa, Finland in 1984-1985 was undertaken to give the community and individuals more power in determining criminal justice, to develop the communication skills of the people, and to shift emphasis from punishment to compensation.
Abstract: The experiment operated on the premises that conflict is a normal part of communication; that solutions should be worked out as quickly as possible; and that open-mindedness and nonjudgmental interaction is to be encouraged and can unite community members. Mediators were unpaid volunteers who were trained to balance power differentials in negotiations. Roughly 140 cases were handled, mostly minor violent and minor property offenses. In 52 cases, a written compensation agreement was prepared, and in 12 cases, a promise was given that the conflict would be resolved. It appears that mediation works best when there is a true interpersonal conflict between the participants that does not require an expert (such as a psychologist or lawyer). An outline of the mediation process is included.
Main Term(s): Mediation; Victim-offender reconciliation
Index Term(s): Finland; Restitution programs; Victim compensation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.