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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 120372 Find in a Library
Title: Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Type 1, (HIV-1) Within a Statewide Prison System
Author(s): T F Brewer; D Vlahov; E Taylor; D Hall; A Munoz; B F Polk
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 20
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In order to assess the incidence of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, type 1, (HIV-1) in the Maryland State prison system, inmates with excess sera stored from specified intake periods between April and June, 1985 and 1986 were approached in May, 1987 to volunteer for venipuncture.
Abstract: Of the 2,286 inmates for whom intake specimens were stored, 1,038 (45.4%) no longer incarcerated as of April, 1987, were excluded from the study; another 319 missed the survey. For the 929 eligible inmates approached for the study, 446 (48 percent) consented and 422 (94.6 percent) provided a specimen. Twenty-nine (6.6 percent) were confirmed seropositive at time of entry into prison indicating that infection had occurred prior to incarceration. The rate of infection in this prison sample was 0.41 percent per prison-year. Bibliography, 26 references, and 1 table. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV transmission
Index Term(s): Inmate health; Inmate statistics
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