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NCJ Number: 120393 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Case Study of Iraj Bami Rafiee (From Transnational Crime: Investigative Responses, P 73-78, 1989, Harold E Smith, ed. -- See NCJ-120383)
Author(s): J F King
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, IL 60607-2919
Sale Source: University of Illinois at Chicago
Office of International Criminal Justice
1033 West Van Buren Street, Suite 500
Chicago, IL 60607-2919
United States of America
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: With the fall of the Shah and the rise of the Islamic Republic, the Iranian military has become dependent on the United States for weapon spare parts and replacement items and has used illegal means to obtain these parts since President Carter placed an embargo on the shipment of any weapons to Iran.
Abstract: In order to obtain needed weapon spare parts, intermediary groups are established, usually involving businessmen living outside of Iran, to acquire the necessary items and ship the goods to Iran. In September 1986, one such group inquired about obtaining a large amount of munitions and spare parts. A member of the group was Iraj Rafiee, a resident alien living in Chicago. Rafiee proceeded to arrange for Iran's military requirements which included radios, bomb sights, and components for the Hawk missile system. As part of the deal, Rafiee stated he could get a steady source of heroin through old contacts he had when he served in the Iranian police. In September 1987, a warrant for the arrest of Rafiee was issued in the Southern District of New York for conspiracy to violate the Munitions Control Act and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations. When the U.S. government prosecution stated its intention to introduce the heroin conspiracy, Rafiee pleaded guilty to all charges, claiming that he was acting as a loyal Iranian and as a good Moslem. The most significant point of the inquiry was the defendant's reaction to the possibility of exposing his narcotics trafficking to fundamentalist elements of the Iranian culture.
Main Term(s): Weapons violations
Index Term(s): Drug smuggling; Iran; Trade practices
Note: Paper presented at the 3rd Annual Symposium on International Criminal Justice Issues, University of Illinois at Chicago
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