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NCJ Number: 120394 Find in a Library
Title: Aquatic Crime: New Directions Transnational Research (From Transnational Crime: Investigative Responses, P 79-88, 1989, Harold E Smith, ed. -- See NCJ-120383)
Author(s): D H Chang
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, IL 60607-2919
Sale Source: University of Illinois at Chicago
Office of International Criminal Justice
1033 West Van Buren Street, Suite 500
Chicago, IL 60607-2919
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Aquatic crime, defined as criminal activity that takes place in, on, or around a body of water, includes evidence concealment, illegal transportation and smuggling, theft, escape, jurisdictional violations, and illegal broadcasting.
Abstract: Criminal activity associated with bodies of water has not been extensively researched due to the difficulty in detecting crime committed in or on water and in tracing criminal who use waterways. Furthermore, national boundaries represent weak law enforcement areas and thus foster criminal activity. The criminal use of boats and waterways is widespread and successful. Oceans and waterways, for example, are used as disposal areas for the illegal shipment of narcotics and arms, for gaining illegal entrance into a country, for planning and performing terrorist activities, and for exchanging information in international espionage. In dealing with aquatic crime, territorial jurisdiction cannot be determined in the same manner as for land boundaries. Water has no line of demarcation, so boundaries are determined by a 3-mile limit extending from the coast. This 3-mile limit is not accepted by all countries; some claim a 12-mile limit. The historical context of aquatic crime and the need for aquatic crime research are considered. 6 references.
Main Term(s): River and marine policing
Index Term(s): Border control; Drug smuggling; Espionage; International terrorism
Note: Paper presented at the 3rd Annual Symposium on International Criminal Justice Issues, University of Illinois at Chicago
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