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NCJ Number: 120425 Find in a Library
Title: Jamaican Posses (From Gangland: Drug Trafficking by Organized Criminals, P 85-93, 1989, Michael D Lyman -- See NCJ-120419)
Author(s): M D Lyman
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Charles C. Thomas
Springfield, IL 62704
Sale Source: Charles C. Thomas
2600 South First Street
Springfield, IL 62704
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter discusses the history and drug operations of Jamaican "posses" in the United States.
Abstract: The U.S. Justice Department estimates that organized gang activity by criminals from the Caribbean basin, particularly Jamaican nationals, has become well established in the United States since their emergence in the mid-1980's. Their presence is now nationwide, with an estimated 30 gangs or "posses" in at least 18 major U.S. cities, with a concentration on the East Coast. They have a reputation for being more violent than most street gangs, having committed an estimated 800 drug-related murders between 1984 and 1987. Although their initial trafficking was in marijuana, they were the leaders in orchestrating a quick take-over of a relatively new source of illicit drug revenue: the retail crack cocaine business. They succeeded in maintaining the entire cocaine smuggling, conversion, and subsequent crack manufacturing within their organization, thereby raising profits and lowering their risk of detection. Cities where posses are located are listed.
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Crack; Drug smuggling; Jamaica; Organized crime
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