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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 120435 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Figgie Report, Part 6 -- The Business of Crime: The Criminal Perspective
Corporate Author: Figgie International
United States of America
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 119
Sponsoring Agency: Figgie International
Richmond, VA 23295
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Figgie International
1000 Virginia Ctr, Parkway
Richmond, VA 23295
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A survey elicited opinions of crime, its causes, and preventions from 589 inmates at the Ohio Reformatory for Women in Marysville, the Ohio State Reformatory in Mansfield, and the Chillicothe Correctional Institute in Chillicothe (Ohio).
Abstract: The sample was 84.2 percent male and 15.8 percent female; 57.7 percent were white, 38 percent black, and 3.3 percent other; 72.2 percent employed at least occasionally, including 49.4 percent employed full time; and 72.5 percent had preconviction annual incomes lower than $10,000. Fifty-one inmates (9 percent) reported having committed more than 100 crimes in the previous year, thus accounting for at least 5,100 crimes that year, more than 55 percent of the total number of crimes committed by the entire sample; forty-one percent admitted to no prior crimes. Forty-four percent had committed their first crime between the ages of 11 and 15. Crime motivations for 36 percent were drug- or alcohol-related. Although the proportion of women arrested for property crime has doubled since 1960, the females in the sample committed fewer and generally less serious crimes than the males; had lower incomes; tended to be driven by purely financial, rather than substance abuse-related needs; and were more deterrable. Increased probability and severity of imprisonment appeared to be the most effective deterrent. Tables, graphs, 5 appendixes, sample questionnaire, 103 references.
Main Term(s): Inmate attitudes; Property crime statistics
Index Term(s): Ohio; Property crime causes
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