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NCJ Number: 120448 Find in a Library
Title: State Supreme Courts in State and Nation
Author(s): G A Tarr; M C A Porter
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 288
Sponsoring Agency: Yale University Press
New Haven, CT 06520
Publication Number: ISBN 0-300-03912-3
Sale Source: Yale University Press
92a Yale Station
New Haven, CT 06520
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This comparative study of three State supreme courts attempts to identify the range of variation in State supreme court activity, explore those factors that precipitated changes in the roles played by particular courts, and provide generalizations applicable to courts beyond those directly under examination.
Abstract: The role played by State supreme courts is defined in terms of three relationships: with Federal courts (vertical judicial federalism), with courts in other States (horizontal judicial federalism), and with other institutions of State government. However, State supreme courts are also institutions of State government, affected by State law which regulates the types of cases the court can adjudicate, determines the authority of the court to regulate its workload and focus on certain cases, and provides most of the legal requirements the court is to apply and enforce. The supreme courts of Alabama, Ohio, and New Jersey were examined in detail; they were chosen because those States have an intermediate court of appeals and were politically, legally, culturally, and demographically diverse. The most noteworthy findings were that State supreme courts develop distinctive institutional identities responding to the specific situations in their States; that the law enunciated by these courts can change gradually or rapidly; and that national legal and political influences, such as judicial reform and civil rights, combine with intrastate legal and political factors to impact significantly on the State supreme courts.
Main Term(s): Court studies; State supreme courts
Index Term(s): Alabama; New Jersey; Ohio
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=120448

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