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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 120458 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Report of the Secretary's Task force on Youth Suicide Volume 2: Risk Factors for Youth Suicide
Corporate Author: US Dept of Health and Human Services
Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Admin
United States of America
Editor(s): L Davidson; M Linnoila
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 271
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857
Publication Number: (ADM)89-1622
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The suicide rate for persons aged 15 to 24 has almost tripled in the past 30 years in the United States; it is now the second leading cause of death for persons in this age group.
Abstract: The task force gathered and examined data and established the following as definite risk factors: substance abuse, both as a direct cause and as an aggravator of psychic disorders which lead to suicidal acts; the specific psychic disorders of schizophrenia and borderline personality; parental loss and family disruption; genetic traits and familial characteristics which predispose individuals towards suicide; low levels of the serotonin metabolite, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), and the dopamine metabolite homovanillic acid (HVA) in the cerebrospinal fluid. Other factors include homosexuality; intimate involvement or relation to a suicide victim; rapid sociocultural change; social maladjustment, particularly impulsiveness, aggressiveness, inhibition, and anxiety; media emphasis on suicide; and easy access to instruments of suicide, particularly guns. Sixteen commissioned papers cover these risk factors in varying contexts. Recommendations cover 14 points such as conducting long term studies of youth suicide, develop targeted intervention and prevention services, and improve professional treatment standards for adolescent depression and other psychiatric disorders. Tables, references at end of each paper.
Main Term(s): Juvenile suicide
Index Term(s): Suicide causes; Suicide prevention; Suicidology
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