skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 120482 Find in a Library
Title: Interaction of Family, Community, and Work in the Socialization of Youth
Author(s): S F Hamilton
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 84
Sponsoring Agency: William T. Grant Foundation
Washington, DC 20036
Document: PDF
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the dynamics of the interactions among the influences of family, community, and work as they facilitate or impede youths' transition to adulthood.
Abstract: Fictional biographies of two American archetypes are used as references for the abstract discussion. The fictional vignettes set in a simpler America demonstrate that family, community, and work are highly interdependent. The discussion then addresses three issues: the conceptualization of the interactions among the three sources of influence; the effectiveness of family, community and work in socializing American youth for adulthood; and the most promising points in the interactive system to direct efforts at improving youths' transition to adulthood. The socialization of youth under the influences of family, community, and work are compared for the United States, Japan, and West Germany. The study concludes that compared to the other two countries, links among family, community, and work in the United States have weakened over time, becoming less supportive of each other and more competitive. America's collective metaphor of life as a contest has focused resources and attention on those who achieve and perform at the highest levels of excellence. Resources for those whose school performance and occupational attainment are in the middle and lower levels are inadequate. Recommendations pertain to the empowering of parents and the strengthening of socialization functions of communities and workplaces. 70 references, 6 notes.
Main Term(s): Youth development
Index Term(s): Employment; Home environment; Social conditions; Socialization; US/foreign comparisons
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.