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NCJ Number: 120548 Find in a Library
Title: Field Studies of Eyewitness Memory of Actual Crimes (From Psychological Methods in Criminal Investigation and Evidence, P 97-124, 1989, David C. Raskin, ed. -- See NCJ-120545)
Author(s): J Cutshall; J C Yuille
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: Springer Publishing Co
New York, NY 10036
Sale Source: Springer Publishing Co
11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor
New York, NY 10036
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Efforts at determining the nature and functions of memory in the past 100 years have been disappointing.
Abstract: One major failure is researchers' inability to produce knowledge that can be applied to real-life situations. The ecological validity of much of laboratory based research also is questioned. A Canadian study of 13 eyewitness' recall of an actual crime showed that their accuracy remained about the same from a police interview to a research interview four to five months later. Eighty-two percent of the witnesses reported the action accurately in both interviews. Additionally, 60 percent more information was given at the research interview at 81 percent accuracy. The article elaborates on results from studies of two other crimes plus a study of serial bank robbery. These findings suggest that, contrary to traditional laboratory findings, witnesses can provide detailed, accurate, and consistent information about certain aspects of striking events; but they also support laboratory findings of witness difficulty in identifying and describing perpetrators. 4 tables, 43 references.
Main Term(s): Eyewitness testimony; Field interrogation and interview
Index Term(s): Canada; Evidence identification; Facial Recognition/Recall; Psychologists role in criminal justice
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