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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 120552 Find in a Library
Title: Criteria-based Statement Analysis (From Psychological Methods in Criminal Investigation and Evidence, P 217-245, 1989, David C. Raskin, ed. -- See NCJ-120545)
Author(s): M Steller; G Koehnken
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: Springer Publishing Co
New York, NY 10036
Sale Source: Springer Publishing Co
11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor
New York, NY 10036
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article describes psychological criteria used in Germany for assessing the credibility of eyewitness testimony.
Abstract: The analysis has three elements: individual characteristics of the witness, possible motives for the witness to make a false accusation, and the content of the statement itself. General "reality criteria" for assessing the statement are logical structure, unstructured production (a structured, chronological presentation usually indicates fabrication), and quantity of details. Specific criteria include descriptions of interactions, reproduction of conversation, unexpected complications during the incident, and admitting lack of memory (those giving false testimony would rather answer questions completely than admit lack of memory). Findings of a recent field validity study supported the reality criteria system. 2 tables, 20 references.
Main Term(s): Witness credibility
Index Term(s): Criminal investigation; Eyewitness testimony; Germany; Psychologists role in criminal justice
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