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NCJ Number: 120553 Find in a Library
Title: Polygraph Techniques for the Detection of Deception (From Psychological Methods in Criminal Investigation and Evidence, P 247-296, 1989, David C. Raskin, ed. -- See NCJ-120545)
Author(s): D C Raskin
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 50
Sponsoring Agency: Springer Publishing Co
New York, NY 10036
Sale Source: Springer Publishing Co
11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor
New York, NY 10036
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article describes methods of polygraph testing, their reliability and validity, technical and practical problems concerning their use, and recent developments for evaluating their outcome.
Abstract: Polygraph techniques are used for two purposes: the detection of deception, the deception test; and the detection of information, the information test. Deception tests are designed to assess credibility by taking responses to simple yes-no questions concerning the crime. In mock-crime experiments conducted in the late 1970s and 1988, the control question polygraph test, a form of deception test, showed 97 percent accuracy on guilty subjects and 93 percent accuracy on innocent subjects. Information tests do not directly assess the credibility of responses but instead measure the relative strengths of physiological reactions to specific questions. In five laboratory experiments conducted from 1959 to 1987, the concealed knowledge test, a form of information test, showed 84 percent accuracy on guilty subjects and 99 percent accuracy on innocent subjects. Poorly socialized persons are thought to be able to deceive the polygraph test because they are adept at lying and deficient in moral development and social conscience, however, most examiners can identify this problem in the pretest interview. 9 tables, 83 references.
Main Term(s): Polygraph reliability
Index Term(s): Evidence collection; Polygraph techniques; Witness credibility
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