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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 120678 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Classification Homes in Japan
Journal: American Jails  Volume:3  Issue:2  Dated:(Summer 1989)  Pages:88-97
Author(s): M Yoshitake
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 10
Type: Program Description (Model)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: Japan's juvenile classification homes are primarily diagnostic centers for the family court, but in certain instances they function incidentally as places of juvenile detention separate from the pretrial adult detention houses.
Abstract: The function of Japan's family court is that of a social service agency, not a criminal court. Rather than imposing sentences as for adult offenders, the family court selects the most suitable treatment strategy for a juvenile delinquent. All offenders under 20 years old are classified as juveniles. The 53 juvenile classification homes serve the family courts by diagnosing juveniles' problems and recommending the most suitable treatment for the family court. Juveniles may be detained in a classification home when either the offense is serious, the juvenile has severe personality problems, or family circumstances prohibit return to the family home. The length of stay in a classification home is normally 14 days, but this period may be renewed for a maximum of another 14 days by a family court ruling. This article describes the Chiba Juvenile Classification Home as representative of such homes. 2 figures, 1 table.
Main Term(s): Juvenile detention; Juvenile offender classification
Index Term(s): Diagnostic and reception processing; Japan
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