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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 120689 Find in a Library
Title: Ecological Approach to the Prevention of Injuries Due to Drinking and Driving
Journal: Health Education Quarterly  Volume:16  Issue:3  Dated:(Fall 1989)  Pages:397-411
Author(s): B G Simons-Morton; S G Brink; D G Simons-Morton; R McIntyre; M Chapman; J Longoria; G S Parcel
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 15
Grant Number: DHHS 200-86-0836 T32 HL07555-04
Type: Program Description (Model)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Among alcohol-related public health concerns, motor vehicle crash injuries are one of the most important and perhaps preventable through the alteration of educational and behavioral assessment and alteration.
Abstract: Intervention efforts should be targeted toward adolescents and young adults, particularly males. The factors associated with drinking and driving may be organized according to PRECEDE or Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Causes in Educational Diagnosis and Evaluation, a framework for health education diagnosis. Intervention planning is conceptualized using MATCH, a Multi-level Approach To Community Health intervention. The four phases of this program are: health goals selection, intervention planning, intervention, and evaluation. A review of the literature following these guidelines shows that drinking and driving is a problem which is complex, prevalent, and requires multidimensional solutions. It is necessary for health promotion interventions to target education, formal legal and informal social sanctions against drinking and driving, as well as environmental protection. Educational approaches are important for influencing both populations at risk and decision makers in organizations and governments who can establish policies and practices. The successful prevention of morbidity and mortality due to drinking and driving will depend on the ability to implement a number of interventions simultaneously which influence numerous intervention targets and accomplish a variety of injury control objectives. 71 references, 2 tables, 1 figure.
Main Term(s): Driving Under the Influence (DUI)
Index Term(s): Public Attitudes/Opinion; Youthful DUI offenders
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