skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 120728 Find in a Library
Title: Creating the Federal Judicial System
Author(s): R R Wheeler; C Harrison
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 33
Sponsoring Agency: Federal Judicial Ctr
Washington, DC 20002
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This publication was prepared as a reference work for Federal court personnel and includes maps that illustrate the changing configuration of the Federal courts over time.
Abstract: The basic design implemented by the Judicial Act of 1789 has endured because of a supreme appellate court to interpret the Constitution and laws, and a reliance upon State courts to handle the bulk of adjudication in the Nation. Maps illustrate the population, and the number of States, districts, district judges, and circuits and Supreme Court justices in the years 1789, 1802, 1807, 1837, 1842, 1855, 1863, 1866, 1891, 1929, 1948 and 1989. 1891 was a pivotal year in which the Federal courts achieved administrative autonomy from the executive branch. Since then the number of authorized judgeships has increased almost nine-fold, from 84 to 739. 81 notes, 2 figures.
Main Term(s): Federal courts; Judicial system development
Index Term(s): Appellate courts; Judgeships
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.