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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 120736 Find in a Library
Title: Urine Drug Testing: What Does It Test?
Journal: New England Law Review  Volume:23  Issue:3  Dated:(Winter-Spring 1988-89)  Pages:651-666
Author(s): D J Greenblatt
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 16
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article elaborates on the physiological basis urine for drug testing, the accuracy of procedures, and the interpretation of results.
Abstract: Various athletic regulatory authorities have incorrectly balanced the benefits and hazards of urine testing programs. The beneficial effects of steroids are more imagined than real, and most of the side effects are reversible after discontinuation. Medical and scientific evidence indicate that certain assumptions involved in urine testing are basically invalid, including the interpretation of positive test results, and their implications. For example, marijuana intoxication lasts only a few minutes, but may cause a positive test result for weeks afterwards; a one-time user may test equally positive as a chronic user. It is questionable whether the perceived benefits of urine testing are worth the loss of the constitutionally guaranteed freedoms, the 4th, 5th, 9th, and 14th amendments and the creation of an oppressive police state. 2 tables, 66 notes.
Main Term(s): Urinalysis
Index Term(s): Constitutional Rights/Civil Liberties; Drug testing of athletes; Right of privacy
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