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NCJ Number: 120766 Find in a Library
Title: Influence of Class Position on the Formal and Informal Sanctioning of White-Collar Offenders
Journal: Sociological Quarterly  Volume:30  Issue:3  Dated:(1989)  Pages:465-479
Author(s): M L Benson
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 15
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Although researchers have investigated formal legal reactions to white-collar crime, few data exist on informal reactions to white-collar lawbreakers and how these reactions influence sentencing decisions.
Abstract: Even so, commentators often assert that white-collar offenders receive lenient criminal penalties because judges sympathize with such offenders due to the losses they incur through informal sanctions. In this light, a causal model is used to explore the influence of class position on an important informal sanction--loss of job--and the influence of loss of job on sentence severity. Class position is found to determine the likelihood of loss of job but not that of incarceration. Further, offenders who commit large-scale offenses are less likely to suffer loss of job than those who commit small-scale crimes. Social reactions to white-collar crime are inconsistent, and class position more strongly influences informal, nongovernmental social control than social control through law. 45 references. (Author abstract)
Main Term(s): Sentencing disparity; White collar offenders
Index Term(s): Class discrimination; Sentencing trends
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