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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 120780 Find in a Library
Title: State Legislatures and Corrections Policies: An Overview
Author(s): B Yondorf; K M Warnock
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Oakland, CA 94612
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Publication Number: ISBN 1-55516-956-2
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: State legislators and corrections officials are faced with prison overcrowding, climbing incarceration rates, and increasing corrections costs.
Abstract: Since 1980, the number of people held in State and Federal penal institutions has increased by 76 percent. One of every 52 adults, or about 2 percent of the adult U.S. population, is under some form of correctional sanction. Corrections expenditures have been one of the fastest rising components of State budgets for the past decade. Overall, State prisons were operating at 120 percent of design capacity as of December 1987, and the number of offenders sentenced to State prisons increased from 139 to 237 per 100,000 U.S. population between 1980 and 1988. Legislators play a role in correctional policies since they make decisions on punishment type and duration and on who gets punished. Legislators also appropriate funds to pay for corrections; in fiscal year 1987, States spent more than $11.7 billion on corrections. Key elements of sound correctional policies include sentencing reform, comprehensive community sanctions, prison construction cost containment, moderation of prison lengths of stay, coordination of State and local funding for corrections, and integration of corrections population forecasts and fiscal impact statements into legislative policy development. 29 references, 3 tables, 6 figures.
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Corrections costs; Legislation; State criminal justice systems
Note: Criminal Justice Paper #2
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