skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 120799 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: State Aid to Local Governments for Corrections Programs
Author(s): M A Fabricius; S D Gold
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
Ford Foundation
New York, NY 10017
National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Oakland, CA 94612
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Publication Number: ISBN 1-55516-955-4
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: State government aid for local corrections programs totaled $932.5 million in fiscal year 1987, based on U.S. Census Bureau data, or nearly four times more aid than that provided in 1980.
Abstract: Corrections aid represented less than 1 percent of all State aid to local governments which amounted to $139 billion in 1987. Total State spending for corrections was $11.7 billion in 1987, while local governments spent $5.9 of their own funds for corrections. Because counties accounted for 78.4 percent of local funding, they were the major recipients of State aid. There are only six States where virtually all corrections spending is done by the State government (Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont). Wide differences exist among the other 44 States in terms of how responsibilities for particular corrections functions are assigned. An important issue is the extent to which State prisoners are incarcerated in local facilities, a situation that has occurred in many areas due to a shortage of State prison beds. If a State reimburses localities for taking care of these prisoners, it is counted as State aid, even though it may be merely reimbursement for services rendered. The seven major categories of State corrections aid to local programs are prisoner reimbursement, community corrections, probation, parole, juvenile programs, construction programs, and technical assistance and training. State corrections aid is provided at different levels by the State. Twenty States provide at least $1 of aid per capita, with Virginia providing the most aid, more than $27 per capita. State-local corrections spending patterns and State aid programs are described, and a State-by-State analysis of aid for corrections is presented. Innovative corrections programs in Georgia, Minnesota, Tennessee, and Virginia are discussed, along with a framework for analyzing intergovernmental corrections aid. Statistics on State corrections spending and aid for fiscal year 1987 are appended. 4 references, 7 tables.
Main Term(s): State aid
Index Term(s): Corrections costs; Local criminal justice systems; State-by-state analyses
Note: Criminal Justice Paper #1
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.