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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 120886 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Drugs and Driving
Corporate Author: Minnesota Dept of Public Safety
United States of America
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 73
Sponsoring Agency: Minnesota Dept of Public Safety
St. Paul, MN 55101
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the need for blood and urine tests for controlled substances, in addition to breath tests, in the enforcement of Minnesota laws on driving under the influence of alcohol or controlled substances.
Abstract: The report provides extracts from reviews of the scientific literature on drugs and traffic safety, including summaries of what is known about driving impairment from drug use. The review focuses on the similarities and differences in alcohol and other drugs as to effects on driving performance, identification of particular drugs and drug use by body fluid analysis, the involvement of drug use in traffic crashes, and lack of knowledge concerning the extent of drug use (other than alcohol) by drivers and impediments to gaining that knowledge. Information is provided on enforcement, testing, and evidentiary procedures when a violation of chapter 169.121, subd 1 (b) or (c) is alleged (driving while under the influence of a controlled substance or a combination of alcohol and a controlled substance). The report concludes that requiring blood or urine testing in all driving-while-intoxicated (DWI) cases would be counterproductive, because it would divert both police and laboratory resources and reduce the total amount of enforcement of all DWI laws without enhancing drugged driving enforcement. The study recommends that present drug test policies in traffic law enforcement not be changed. Current law provides that drug tests be conducted when there is probable cause to arrest for DWI but alcohol concentration tests show low or no alcohol consumption. 23 references.
Main Term(s): Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Drug testing
Index Term(s): Minnesota; State laws
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