skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 120891 Find in a Library
Title: Ethical/Legal Aspects of AIDS and STDS in Adolescents
Author(s): A English
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 19
Type: Presentation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper identifies and discusses legal and ethical issues pertinent to preventing, diagnosing, and treating AIDS in adolescents.
Abstract: Specialists in adolescent medicine must work with educators to ensure that the widest possible adolescent population receives information on the nature of AIDS, how it is transmitted, and how it can be prevented. Calls for the HIV testing of adolescents must be carefully assessed. The purposes proposed for such testing are to determine the prevalence of AIDS in this population, to protect public health, and to benefit the adolescent. Opponents of testing argue that there is no treatment available upon diagnosis, test results are difficult to interpret, a positive result could provoke severe mental problems for the adolescent, and disclosure of results could lead to severe stigma and discrimination against the subject. Overall, the likelihood of harm outweighs the possible advantages of testing. Where testing is sought by an adolescent or recommended by a physician or other professional, extensive counseling should be available, and confidentiality should be ensured. When AIDS researchers target high-risk adolescent groups for study (homeless or street youth, homosexual youth, intravenous drug users, and sexually active adolescents with high rates of sexually transmitted disease), they should make every effort to ensure that research results are not used to discriminate against such adolescents and advocate appropriate services. Other issues that must be addressed are informed consent for testing, notification of test results, contact tracing and the duty to warn, and incarcerated youth.
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV prevention; Children with AIDS/HIV
Index Term(s): Discrimination
Note: Gallagher Lecture before the Society for Adolescent Medicine on March 21, 1987.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.